Monday, November 24, 2014

The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1 (Francis Lawrence); Violator (Dodo Dayao)

Muck One

(Warning: story and plot twists discussed in close detail)

Francis Lawrence's The Hunger Games, Mockingjay Part 1 moves away from being a pale imitation of the Battle Royale movies to being a pale imitation of dystopian revolt movies,* and I'd say the change hasn't improved the franchise much.

* If we play fast and loose with definitions and off the top of my head: Alphaville; Children of Men; Death Race 2000; Fahrenheit 451; Metropolis; 1984 (the Michael Radford version); Planet of the Apes (the Franklin J. Schaffner version); Punishment Park; Serenity; Sleeper; the recent Snowpiercer; The Tenth Victim; Zardoz. All more visually striking or more conceptually inventive or just plain funnier.

What, Star Wars? Not a big fan

Might help if the rebels were smarter, their plotting more cunning--but as led by Julianne Moore (suppressing her beauty and natural charisma as President Coin) the rebels are too dim, too straightforward in thinking, too grey at the temples. The revolt has entered a new phase, that of propaganda: not exactly the most entertaining of struggles, but one could at least wish for an intelligent one.

I mean--why broadcast Capitol propaganda straight to your own people when you know the results are going to be demoralization and dissent (look at the way they react to Peeta's interviews)? Why assume Peeta (Josh Hutcherson) in his anti-mockingjay broadcasts is sincere, or a coward (no one ever heard of narcotics, brainwashing techniques?)? And the way Donald Sutherland's President Snow conducts himself--his sly confidence, the way he seems to think the whole thing an entertaining game--you know the rebels don't have a chance.

 Why (while we're still talking dumb moves) when faced with moat and bridge do the troops run down said bridges without even body armor for protection (we're not still fighting the Civil War, are we?)? And that skirmish in the forest? Not sure I'd want to climb a tree, not with a soldier with an assault rifle close behind.*

*Worse, the tactics work, thanks I'd say to plot armor and extensive digital massaging and tweaking in the editing room (Arrow against aircraft? Really?). Which I find not a little insulting--they seem to assume we won't notice.

Jennifer Lawrence as Katniss does okay, but considering how good she was in more adult fare like American Hustle, you can't help feeling she's lowballing; Philip Seymour Hoffman (this had to be his last work?) makes sly comic mileage out of being the smartest guy in a room full of the clueless; the aforementioned Moore is too much of a professional not to play Coin as directed--a waste really. Natalie Dormer--she of cat eyes and sexy sardonic mouth--has to shave half her head (I suspect to keep her from outshining the movie's putative star); like Moore she too is largely wasted
It's more than just the nits, of course; just not sure I'd want to inflict Young Adult literature--on print or in the big screen--on any young adult I actually know. That wishy-washy combination of daring and protectiveness...of dipping the toe in a provocative subject (kids in gladiator contests) yet keeping the characters simple and not a little romanticized, the action mostly wholesome (you don't really see a lot of blood in these games and god forbid you even mention sex), the line between good and evil clearly drawn.*

*The Giver I'd say was the best of the lot, mainly because it goes easy on the high-powered weaponry and big explosions, and because it's directed by Philip Noyce--y'know, a real filmmaker. 

If I had a young adult I wouldn't bother giving these books to them; maybe point them to the movie titles I mention above, or toss them my copy of Camp Concentration. Just saying.

The Hellbound Jail

Dodo Dayao is mostly known to be one of the most stylish Filipino film bloggers around, but not just that, not anymore; now he's a filmmaker, and his first feature--a horror film--is a real mindbender.

You spot his sources of course--call the film the love child of Kurosawa Kiyoshi and John Carpenter (Precinct 13, indeed), among others. I admire the variety and eclecticism of his sources, the same time I'm not sure it's a truly original style (need to think that over a bit). Unlike most horror films nowadays he avoids the quick cutting and handheld camera footage so fashionable in recent horror flicks in favor of the slow burn, the largely static camera setup where the image is just this side of inexplicable. Then you realize what's really going on, or (worse) don't know what's going on at all, in which case there's nowhere to run--not to the next room, not to the next shot, not anywhere

And when the shot finally hits the fan and the narrative kicks into high gear, he comes up with an...interesting...way of evoking quick-cutting, fast-moving action onscreen, without actually cutting that fast. Clever really. 

I'd say this beats stuff like The Conjuring or even The Woman in Black (with which it has more in common) only saying Dayao is better than Wan or Watkins is so obvious it isn't even funny. Good stuff folks, and if Cinema One Originals ever gets around to screening it in their cable channel, or issuing a DVD,  I'd write a fuller article



Friday, November 21, 2014

Hindi Nahahati ang Langit (The Heavens Indivisible, Mike de Leon, 1985

Part of the 10th Cinema One Originals Festival is a lineup of restored classic films. These are: Mike de Leon’s Hindi Nahahati ang Langit, starring Christopher De Leon and Lorna Tolentino; Laurice Guillen’s Kapag Langit ang Humatol, starring Vilma Santos and Richard Gomez; Cathy Garcia-Molina’s One More Chance, starring John Lloyd Cruz and Bea Alonzo; Peque Gallaga’s Oro, Plata, Mata, starring Joel Torre and Ronnie Lazaro; and Rory Quintos’ Anak, starring Vilma Santos and Claudine Barretto.

My thoughts on the first title:

Sibling rivalry

Easy to say Hindi Nahahati ang Langit (rough translation, The Heavens Indivisible, 1985) is an anomaly in Mike De Leon's filmography. Compared to his other works it's relatively lighthearted in tone; it's from a less-than-prestigious source (a komiks novel written by Nerissa Cabral, serialized in Tagalog Klasiks); and--wonders of wonders--it made money at the boxoffice

But think about it: komiks is actually a popular fount for film ideas--Ishmael Bernal did at least two I can recall (Zoom, Zoom Superman! and Tisoy); Lino Brocka started his career with an adaptation (Wanted: Perfect Mother), followed by a slew of other titles (Tubog sa Ginto (Dipped in Gold), Cadena de Amor (Chain of Love), all three written by the inimitable Mars Ravelo); one of Gerardo de Leon's most famous films was about a mermaid (Dyesebel, also by Ravelo). Far from being an unusual choice you might say De Leon (Mike, not Gerardo) was following in a tried-and-true tradition. 

(Warning: storyline and plot twists discussed in close detail!) 

The opening sequence establishes the tone: a trio of crystal swans (shades of The Glass Menagerie) floodlit with icicle blue and warmblooded crimson; delirious music as the camera glides round the flock, catching every flash and glitter.  The swans presented as priceless artifacts, fabulous treasures, mythical creatures--actually just fine crystal, but to us and the film's characters they're potent symbols of innocence, magic

What follows is pure melodrama: Noel (Christopher De Leon) and Melody (Lorna Tolentino) are step-siblings (their parents Ariston (Nestor de Villa) and Agnes (Gloria Romero) brought kids from previous spouses into their marriage). Noel and Melody struggle against each other, struggle to live their own lives--Noel marries Cynthia (Dina Bonnevie), Melody marries Ronald (Edu Manzano)--but eventually find that what they're really struggling against is their attraction to each other.

It's your standard-issue love story, made spicier by the suggestion if not actual substance of incest. I'm guessing De Leon was more intrigued by this than if they really were an incestuous couple--the tension between the two that feels wrong but really isn't (think of the mother-son/son-sister relationships in Herman Melville's bizarre Pierre) can be laughable if overemphasized, dissipate if underemphasized. What I suspect intrigues De Leon is the challenge of maintaining that tension.

De Leon's attack is not unsimilar to that of Douglas Sirk: his style mostly serves the story (crisp editing that emphasizes the dialogue's brisk pace), sometimes slyly subverts it (romantic moments play out in medium or long shot; the footage of crystal swans that begin and end the film both evokes and parodies the glamor of perfume commercials, only with more chromatic intensity and visual flair; in a threatened rape scene and to the tune of sexy sax music the victim is laid out like a corpse on a slab, the rapist awkward, hesitant). At some level De Leon (like Sirk) does respect the material, or at least its potential to move the audience--he holds you at arm's length from the emotions onscreen so only the most intense feelings manage to reach you, ultimately move you, for being so perceptible at such a distance. 

Lorna Tolentino is arguably the most underrated of Filipino dramatic actresses. Often dismissed as too beautiful to take seriously in a drama, I'd say she's too subtle to give away the fact that she's acting in a drama--here she ages from college student to young adult and her body language and gestures sell the change more persuasively than any costume change or makeup application. Her Melody is the first of the two siblings to grow up; faced with the death of her mother and care of her slowly failing stepfather, she steps into her adult shoes with an effortlessness that's actually quite a pleasure to see (if you happen to be watching--she's too canny to actually call your attention). I say 'dramatic' because she's known for her drama roles, but her handling of this film's complex and often witty dialogue betrays a comic flair; she's just (again) too understated to go for the quick cheap laugh, keeping the honesty, the integrity of her character intact.

Christopher De Leon is the default male actor for dramatic lead roles, and has often been criticized for overacting; here De Leon (Mike, not Christopher) keeps him firmly on leash, has him play Noel as an entitled Prince Hal turned somber Henry V--soon as his dad dies he takes over the family construction business, and the father's bowed, burdened posture; when he looks at Melody his annoyance acquires a paternal squint--he literally feels he has to ensure the girl's virginity ("For whom?" is pointedly not asked). Understated doesn't come naturally to De Leon (Christopher, not Mike) but I can't think of a finer more moving moment than when he hears of his father's death on the phone, turns slowly to face Cynthia--who's staring at him, curious--and stumbles towards her, loaded with a weight too terrible to bear. 

Dina Bonnevie as Cynthia is not as well-served as the rest of the cast; she's conceived as Noel's matrimonial ball-and-chain, and can barely shake off the weight of all the cliches pulling her down. That said, she does have a scene late in the film, on a hospital bed, where she gives Noel her calm, confident assessment of where they are in their lives, and where she has to be in her life, and how she can best achieve that position--the very definition of a strong, independent woman, or at least one who at long last has realized her strength and independence, despite the men in her life.

Edu Manzano's Roland is possibly my favorite character--he's introduced as a witty charmer, an Oscar Wildean bon vivant ever ready with a joke or playful schtick; when his character decides to take a step that puts him irretrievably beyond our sympathies it comes almost as a shock--we like him too much to want to lose him (the term 'date rape' only started being used in the early '80s; on that one detail you might say this film was cutting-edge, almost prescient). 

Only we don't lose Roland, at least not completely. He reveals himself to be the film's real villain, and hatches one plan or another to thwart the growing attraction between Noel and Melody, and still De Leon (the director) somehow manages to keep him fascinating, if not fully sympathetic. He's the product of a rich and powerful family, and we learn at his most potent in bed; outside of bed he's dependent on his family's wealth and position. His character might be likened to Hindley Earnshaw (in fact characters and portions of the plot recall Wuthering Heights)--an alcoholic weakling who lashes out, with diminishing effectiveness, in his hatred and growing despair.

De Leon serves the film best he can, inserts flourishes that enliven the narrative (the aforementioned crystal swan sequences; a car crash where the very screen flares up and crumples, the moment probably inspired by the final image in Monte Hellman's Two-Lane Blacktop (De Leon trumps Hellman by making his meltdown more narratively appropriate, as if the camera was burning from the car crash flames)).  

What makes it a true De Leon film however is the subtext, the themes of familial dysfunction and manipulation. As with Dr. Torres, as with Alpha Kappa Omega's masters, as with Sgt. Diosdado Carandang, we have the patriarchal figure trying to dominate his weaker siblings/children/cadets. Noel is the classic De Leon antagonist who wields his power precisely, ruthlessly; Melody (as with Rosa, Adelina, Sid Lucero) fights back best she can, but it's mostly a losing battle. Her one true escape from Noel involved Roland--as it turns out an exchange of one form of captivity for another

Melody with Roland's help enters the construction business in competition with Noel; at one point the two siblings quarrel over the details of a co-partnered project, and Noel handily bests her with facts, figures, logic (a typical tactic for a De Leon character).*

* Note that the dialogue involving the construction industry sounds thoroughly researched and accurate--a far cry from the business dialogue in almost any Filipino film I can think of that doesn't involve the film industry itself, or media advertising.

Melody's capitulation seems total; she looks almost ready to fall into Noel's arms. Seems perverse to note that this moment shivers with more sexual tension than any other scene involving Melody with Roland, or Noel with Cynthia. Yes it's probably in the script (adapted by Mia Concio) but there's a special frisson thanks to De Leon, a master at depicting unspoken thoughts and stifled emotions; it's almost as if Noel and Melody were conducting two dialogues at once, verbal and non-verbal, the more interesting being the one not spoken. 

In this and in all matters sexual De Leon apparently shares an attitude not with master filmmaker Stanley Kubrick (with whom he is always being compared) but Alfred Hitchcock: as with Hitchcock sex for De Leon is verboten, to be mentioned in whispers, regarded with fear and suspicion--to be repressed as much and as often as possible. Even when in a late scene Noel and Melody openly discuss their feelings they're standing outside, in the dark, mostly facing away from each other, their gestures and expression as if they were discussing yet another construction project (as if they were afraid someone might be watching). There is passion there yes, but it's the kind of passion that's constantly being sequelched out of fear of exposure (again, the incest taboo), the heat intensified by suppression

Mentioned De Leon's affinity for all things  Kubrick--his Batch '81 owes many of its anarchic impulses to A Clockwork Orange, his Kisapmata is considered a compacted transposition of The Shining. The admiration is clear, but I'd cite several qualities that would lead me to not just distinguish from but prefer De Leon over Kubrick: 1) De Leon achieved many of his films on a budget about a fraction of the catering cost on many of Kubrick's epics; 2) De Leon explored personal demons and through those demons darker aspects of the Filipino psyche with an intimacy you don't really find in Kubrick's films (where Kubrick peers with magnifying glasses from a great height, De Leon seems to be probing in your mouth for a nerve to pick at; and 3) Kubrick bent and stretched the rules constituting popular filmmaking but never to the extent that he made an outright financial failure (De Leon pretty much doesn't give a shit). If De Leon (Mike, Filipino, filmmaker) reportedly likes Hindi Nahahati ang Langit despite pulling his name from its credits (said name reinserted for this restoration) I suspect it isn't just because it's the one hit of his career (his biggest moneymaker in fact); it's because it so unmistakably betrays the taint of his dark sensibility. 

First published in Businessworld 11.13.14

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